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what are the four forest types found in southeast asia

What Are The Four Forest Types Found In Southeast Asia?

The ‘Forest Cover Map of Continental Southeast Asia’ displays the main forest formations, including evergreen mountain forest (> 1000m elevation), evergreen lowland forest (< 1000m elevation), deciduous forests (mixed and dry deciduous forests, Dry Dipterocarp forests), mangrove forests and swamp forests (around Tonle …

What type of forest occurs in Southeast Asia?

Tropical forests are hugely important to the health of the planet. Although they cover only about 7% of the Earth’s land surface, they host nearly two-thirds of the world’s floral and faunal diversity, and store 68% of global carbon stocks. Southeast Asia is home to nearly 15% of the world’s tropical forests.

What types of forests are found in South Asia?

At the ecosystem level the forests in South Asian countries have been classified from two to 16 broad forest types. The forests of Bangladesh are classified into three broad categories based on topographic conditions: hill forests, plain sal forests (Shorea robusta) and littoral mangrove forests.

What are the four forest regions?

Four Types of Forests

  • Tropical. Outside of a zoo, where can you find rhinos, tigers, elephants and orangutans all in one place? …
  • Subtropical. Subtropical forests are like their tropical cousins, but not quite as hot or biodiverse. …
  • Temperate. Temperate forests cycle through all four seasons. …
  • Boreal.

What is the rainforest in Southeast Asia called?

The Cardamom Mountains rainforest encompasses more than 10 million acres. Its highest peak reaches nearly 6,000 feet above sea level. More than 3,800 square miles of the forest remain pristine.

What are the forest in Asia?

Most tropical rainforest in Asia is found in Indonesia (on scattered islands), the Malay peninsula (Malaysia, Thailand, Myanmar), and Laos and Cambodia. Forest once covered a much greater area in Asia, but logging and clearing of forests for agriculture has destroyed much of the region’s rainforests.

What are the four major rivers of Southeast Asia?

What are the four major rivers in Southeast Asia? The Irrawaddy, Mekong, Chao Phraya, and Hong.

What type of trees are in Southeast Asia?

Popular trees in Asia: What to plant in Southeast Asia

  • Titan arum (Amorphophallus titanium)
  • Rainbow Gum Eucalyptus Tree (Eucalyptus deglupta)
  • Melati (Jasminum sambac)
  • Anggrek Bulan (Phalaenopsis amabilis)
  • Padma Raksasa Rafflesia (Rafflesia arnoldii)
  • Malay Paduak (Pterocarpus indicus)

How many types of forests are there?

There are broadly three major types of forests – tropical, temperate, and boreal forests. They are classified according to latitude. Also, these major types are divided farther into more specific categories.

What trees are in South Asia?

8 Most Stunning Trees in Asia That Will Take Your Breath Away

  1. Cherry blossom trees in Japan. …
  2. Flame trees in Vietnam. …
  3. Rhododendron trees in Nepal. …
  4. Narra trees in the Philippines. …
  5. Wisteria in Japan. …
  6. Ginkgo trees in South Korea. …
  7. Plum blossom trees in China. …
  8. Rainbow eucalyptus trees in the Philippines.

What are the different types of forest in the Philippines?

The Philippines has six types of forest:

  • Mangrove Forest.
  • Beach Forest.
  • Molave Forest.
  • Dipterocarp Forest.
  • Pine Forest.
  • Mossy Forest.

What are the main forest types?

There are three general types of forest that exist: temperate, tropical, and boreal. Experts estimate that these forests cover approximately one-third of Earth’s surface. Temperate forests are found across eastern North America and Eurasia.

What are the three types of forest resources?

Types of Forest Resources in India:

  • Tropical dry deciduous forest.
  • Tropical moist deciduous forest.
  • Tropical evergreen forest.
  • Tropical semi evergreen forest.
  • Tropical rainforest.
  • Subtropical forest.
  • Temperate broad leaved forest.
  • Temperate conifer forest.

What is the largest forest in Southeast Asia?

Indonesia, Thailand and Viet Nam have the largest forest plantations. Rubber (Hevea spp.) is the most common species. Indonesia, Malaysia and Thailand together have an area of about 7 million hectares planted to rubber.

Chapter 24. Southeast Asia.

Country / Area Malaysia
Forest area 2000 19 292
Area change 1990-2000 (total forest) -237

What are the rainforests in Southeast Asia best known for?

Southeast Asian rainforests are renowned for the elephants and orangutans that live in them, and more than 3,000 species of plant have been registered.

What is the rainforest called in Asia?

5. Southeast Asian Rainforest (Asia) The forest is found in Asia, covering Indonesia, Laos, Cambodia, and the Malay Peninsula. It once covered even a greater area in Asia, but deforestation destroyed most regions of the rainforest.

How many forests are there in Asia?

East Asia currently contains the largest area of forest (245 million hectares), followed by Oceania (206 million hectares), Southeast Asia (204 million hectares) and South Asia (79 million hectares).

Whither the forests of Asia and Pacific?

Forest area (million ha) Oceania
Annual cha
(1 000 ha) -448

How many types of vegetation are found in Asia?

Asia is divided into five major vegetation regions based on the richness and types of each region’s flora: tropical rain forests in Southeast Asia, temperate mixed forests in East Asia, tropical rain/ dry forests in South Asia, desert and steppe in Central and West Asia, and taiga and tundra in North Asia.

What is the vegetation of Southeast Asia?


Southeast Asia has one of the greatest diversities of vegetation of any region. For example, it has a remarkable number of tree species. Near the equator are tropical evergreen forests, while deciduous forests are more common in the wet and dry climate zone.

Which resources are found in Southeast Asia?

Marine life, plenty of water, fertile valleys, timber, minerals, geothermal energy, and petroleum reserves are among the wealth of natural resources available in Southeast Asia.

What are the natural resources in East Asia?

Resources in East Asia & Movement: Table

Country Natural Resources
North Korea Iron, ore, gold, rare earths, marble, and granite
South Korea Farmland, graphite and tungsten; otherwise scarce in natural resources
Japan Rich farmland and practically no natural resources

What are the water forms of Southeast Asia?

The Southeast Asian Waters consist of the China Sea, the Java Sea, the Sulu Sea, the Philippine Waters, the Celebes Sea, the Banda Sea, the Flores Sea, the Arafura Sea, the Timor Sea, and the Andaman Sea. The whole region comprises an area of 8.94 million square kilometres, which is 2.5 per cent.

What type of vegetation is most common in Southeast Asia?

Tropical forests in Southeast Asia Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. The vegetation can be grouped into two broad categories: the tropical-evergreen forests of the equatorial lowlands and the open type of tropical-deciduous, or “monsoon,” forests in areas of seasonal drought.

What types of trees grow in Malaysia?


  • Areca gurita.
  • Areca triandra.
  • Bamboo orchid.
  • Dacrydium gibbsiae.
  • Dipterocarpus acutangulus.
  • Dipterocarpus caudatus.
  • Dipterocarpus confertus.
  • Dipterocarpus conformis.

What are pink trees called?

The Eastern Redbud tree also has several pink flowers growing on its trunk. The Eastern Redbud trees are well known for their pink flowers, although some other species are known to blossom with white flowers. The Eastern Redbud grows around 20-30 feet tall and has a width of about 33 feet.

What are the types of forest in Nepal?

Types of Forest in Nepal

  • Tropical zone(-1,000m)
  • Subtropical zone (1,000-2,000m)
  • Temperate zone (2,000-3,000m)
  • Subalpine zone (3,000-4,100m)
  • Alpine zone (4,100-5,500m)

What are the 5 types of forests?

There are broadly five categories of forests in India. They are named as Tropical evergreen forests, Tropical deciduous forests, Tropical thorn forests, Montane forests, and Swamp forests.

Why are there 3 different types of forest?

Forests Are as Unique as the Species They Shelter

Most experts agree that, broadly speaking, there are three types of forests: tropical rainforests, temperate, and boreal. WIthin these types are several subcategories based on seasonal rainfall, unique species composition, and more.

Which biomes are found in Asia?

The major biomes delineated are (1) tropical rain forests, (2) tropical wet evergreen forests, (3) tropical moist forests, (4) tropical dry forests, (5) tropical thorn forests, (6) tropical desert, and (7) Himalayan temperate tundra. Available online by subscription or for purchase.

Which animals are found in Asia?

  • Malayan Tapir. The Malayan Tapir is an endangered mammal in the tapir family, native to southern Thailand, southern Myanmar, the Malayan Peninsula, and the southern and central parts of Sumatra in Indonesia. …
  • Indian Rhinoceros. …
  • Slow Loris. …
  • Asian Elephant. …
  • Giant Panda. …
  • Indian Cobra. …
  • Lesser Bird-of-Paradise. …
  • 8. Japanese Macaque.

ASEAN explained in 5 minutes

Types of Forests | Explained with examples of trees | Geography

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